Mdege, N.D., Shah, S., Ayo-Yusuf, O.A., Hakim, J. and Siddiqi, K., 2017.
The study assessed the prevalence of tobacco use among people living with HIV in Low and Middle Income Countries (LMICs). An assessment of Demographic and Health Survey data collected between 2003 and 2014 from 28 LMICs where both tobacco use and HIV test data were made publicly available was done. The study found a higher prevalence in HIV-positive men of any tobacco use and tobacco smoking than in HIV-negative men. It also found a higher prevalence in HIV-positive women of any tobacco use, tobacco smoking, smokeless tobacco use than in HIV-negative women. It concludes that the high prevalence of tobacco use in people living with HIV in LMICs needs targeted policy, practice, and research action to promote tobacco cessation and to improve the health outcomes in this population.