Ayo-Yusuf, O.A., Odukoya, O.O. and Olutola, B.G., 2014.
This study sought to determine the sociodemographic correlates of exclusive and dual use of smokeless tobacco and smoking and to explore the association between smokeless tobacco use and the amount of cigarettes smoked per day. Data was obtained from the Nigerian demographic and health survey (NDHS) and is representative of men aged 15-19 (N=1543) who participated in the 2008 Nigerian Demographic and Health Survey (NDHS). The study shows that 12.2% (n = 1,842) of the respondents were tobacco users, out of which 24.5% (n = 477) used smokeless tobacco only and 69% (n = 1,236) were exclusive smokers, and 6.5% (n = 129) used both. This study also found that number of cigarettes smoked per day was not different among dual users in comparison to exclusive smokers. Dual users were also more likely to self-identify as traditionalists rather than self-identifying as practicing Islam or Christianity.