The study determines the most current prevalence and trends in Roll Your Own (RYO) smoking in the African context. Secondary analysis of merged data was obtained from adults >15 years, who participated in the South African Social Attitude Survey (SASAS) during 2007, 2011 and 2016. Among the general population, the prevalence of current RYO smoking was 4.2%, 5.3% and 5.3% during 2007, 2011 and 2016 respectively. The prevalence of use of RYO among factory-manufactured cigarette (FMC) smokers significantly increased from 14% in 2007 to 24.1% in 2016. Over the study period, RYO smoking was most prevalent among male, coloureds, rural residents and those with less than Grade 12 education. Roll your own smoking remains most common among those of lower socioeconomic status and concurrent use of roll your own with factory manufactured cigarettes has increased. Roll your own smoking may be associated with reduced likelihood of quitting smoking, therefore there is need for targeted interventions.